National Mission on Sustainable Habitat
National Mission on Sustainable Habitat will be launched to
make habitat sustainable through improvements in energy efficiency
in buildings, management of solid waste and modal shift to public
transport. The Mission will promote energy efficiency as an
integral component of urban planning and urban renewal through
three initiatives. 1. The Energy Conservation
Building Code, which address the design of new & large commercial
buildings to optimize their energy demand, will be extended
in its application and incentives provided for retooling existing
building stock. 2. Recycling of material and
Urban Waste Management will be a major component of ecologically
sustainable economic development.
already has a significantly higher rate of recycling of waste
compared to developed countries. A special area of focus will
be the development of technology for producing power from waste.
The National Mission will include a major R&D programme, focusing
on bio chemical conversion, waste water use, sewage utilization
and recycling options wherever possible. 3.
Better urban planning and modal shift to public transport. Making
long term transport plans will facilitate the growth of medium
and small cities in ways to ensure efficient and convenient
public transport. In addition, the Mission will address the
need to adapt to future climate change by improving the resilience
of infrastructure, community based disaster management and measures
for extreme weather events. Capacity building would be an important
component of this Mission.
The Mission will also have, on its research agenda, socio-economic
impact of climate change including impact on health, demography,
migration, patterns and livelihoods of coastal communities.
The Mission comprises three components, i.e. promoting energy
efficiency in the residential and commercial sector, management
of municipal solid waste, and promotion of urban public transport.
These represented below:
Promoting Energy Efficiency in the Residential and Commercial
Sector The residential sector accounts for around 13.3%
of total commercial energy use in India. Electricity consumption
in the residential sector is primarily for lighting, space conditioning,
refrigeration, and other appliances. The commercial sector comprises
various institutional establishments such as banks, hotels,
restaurants, shopping complexes, offices, and public buildings.
consumption has increased at the rate of 7.4% annually between
1990-2003 in the commercial sector. Energy
use in residential and commercial buildings also varies significantly
across income groups, building construction typology, climate,
and several other factors. There exists significant scope to
reduce energy use, while also providing the requisite energy
services in case of both existing & new constructions.
Management of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Municipal
Solid Waste (MSW) generation reflects not just income levels,
but also lifestyle choices. Recycling of materials in an important
option for reducing environmental pressures. India has a significantly
higher rate of recycling of materials in MSW than developed
emissions from MSW in India are also much lower than in developed
Promotion of Urban Public Transport An increase in
the demand for transportation services for both passengers and
freight is inevitable, given economic growth and increase of
population. The total number of registered motor vehicles in
India has increased from 21.4 million in 1990 to 72.7 million
in 2003 at a CAGR of 9.9%, with the two wheeler segment comprising
of motorcycles, scooters, and mopeds growing most rapidly amongst
personalized modes of transportation. Road based transportation
is the main source of GHG emissions in the transportation sector.
Slum Rehabilitation : The Delhi Development Authority
(DDA) has finalised an in-situ rehabilitation scheme for five
slum clusters proposed to be developed through the Public-Private
Partnership (PPP) mode in the national Capital. No land is required
for in-situ construction and these are proposed to be developed
through PPP for which applications have been received. Besides
in-situ rehabilitation, approximately 6,000 houses for economically
weaker sections will be built every year to achieve the target
of 29,200 EWS houses under the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban
Renewal Mission in five years with total cost of Rs 900 crore.
The DDA has so far rehabilitated 1,184 and 507 J J dwellers
under general scheme during 2006 and 2007. During this year,
approximately 1,650 J J dwellers are to be rehabilitated with
an estimated expenditure of Rs 19.50 crore, the Union Minister
‘Plastic bags’ in Delhi :
The Government of NCT of Delhi, though has skirted the issue
of an outright ban and, instead, sought promotion of ‘degradable’
plastic bags in shops and local malls. On the other hand in
Delhi High Court ordered a ban on unit plastic bags though the
High Court observed that plastic bags “cannot be banned completely”,
the order says: “if plastic bags are unacceptable in hotels,
hospitals and malls, there is no reason why they should be permitted
in main markets and local shopping centres. The competent authorities
would, therefore, consider stipulating a minimum thickness and
forbidding use in main markets and local shopping centres.”
Admitting that plastic bags cannot be done away with, government
officials said degradable bags pose less treat than regular
plastic bags. These bags need a minimum thickness of 40 microns.
The government would soon begin a campaign by putting up 25,000
posters advocating use of alternatives to plastic. The Delhi
Pollution Control Committee will conduct next survey to catch
illegal plastic manufacturing units.
The Habitat Scroll of Honour Award - 2008
2008 Nanjing, Shaoxing and Zhangjiagang city of China, Bugulma
city of Russia. Kigali-the capital city of Rwanda and ciudad
Juarez city of Mexico has been awarded by the UN-Habitat – The
Scroll of Hounour Award.
1. Nanjing The 2008 Habitat Scroll of Honour Special
Citation is awarded to the Nanjing Municipal Government for
its bold, distinct, exemplary and comprehensive redevelopment,
revitalization and improvement along the Qinhuai River, which
runs through the Nanjing, capital of Jiangsu Province of China.
In response to a growing public outcry over the health dangers,
posed by industrial and human pollution of the river, the Government
backed a comprehensive Improvement and Redevelopment Programme.
delivered affordable housing for many thousands of people, introduced
new flood prevention measures; the relocation of business and
industries to better sites; and implemented a new waste management
system with pipelines to keep all effluents directed at new
treatment plants away from the river. It also provided new conservation
measures for the city’s historic sites, and new landscaping
with recreation facilities blending in with the natural environment.
It further provided alternative decent accommodation for those
who lost their land to the new developments.
The ancient canal city of Shaoxing in Zhejiang Province, eastern
China, got the Habitat Scroll of Honour Award for preserving
a unique cultural and historical heritage at a time of rapid
rapid urbanisation, the urban conservation programme has enabled
this city to present itself as an elegant, peaceful and cultured
place with a decent quality of life. The award recognises the
restoration of its seven historic communities where buildings
have been restored or renovated, the rivers cleaned up, and
the streets spruced up to show off its traditional mix of white
walls and black roofs.
3. Zhangjiagang The bustling port city of Zhangjiagang
in Jiangsu Province, Eastern China, gets the Habitat Scroll
of Honour Award for setting a new trend in integrated urban-rural
development and management through an initiative by the city's
authorities to improve the quality of life for farmers and other
residents in its hinterland.
Bugulma The city of Bugulma in the Tartarstan Republic
of Western Russia got the Habitat Scroll of Honour Award for
transforming its contaminated water system into cheaper, safer
water for its citizens. Other economic activities in the city
include machinery production, the processing of agricultural
products, and construction, all of which contributed to pollution
of the river. Such was the toxicity, that many people became
ill. In 1996, the Clean Water Programme was initiated under
the guidance of the Bugulma's Mayor and with the support of
the Tatarstan's president. It has since improved the standard
of living and contributed towards the sustainable development
of the city and its outlying districts. Residents now enjoy
high quality water. The use of many underground springs allowed
for a considerable reduction in chlorine treatment, thus reducing
the risk of cancer.
Kigali The capital of Rwanda, Kigali, got the Habitat
Scroll of Honour Award for many innovations in building a model,
modern city symbolised by zero tolerance for plastics, improved
garbage collection and a substantial reduction in crime. Starting
from 1998, the authorities in Kigali began restoring the city's
lost glory. They targeted garbage collection, and banned the
use of plastic bags. The streets and pavements were beautified,
and public transport was upgraded. Other actions areas included
improvement of the sewerage system and slum upgrading. 6. Ciudad
Juarez A major Mexican city Ciudad Juarez got the Habitat Scroll
of Honour Award for the innovative steps taken to help thousands
of flood victims rebuild their homes and lives after the Arroyo
del Indio burst its banks, following heavy rains in 2006 largely
believed to have been brought on by climate change.
India: Urban Poverty Report – 2009 : India:
Urban Poverty Report – 2009 was released by Kumari Selja, Minister
of State for Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation, Government
of India, with the support of the United Nations Development
Programme (UNDP) on 3 February, 2009. This is India’s first-of-its-kind
report on the nature and dynamics of urban poverty in the country.
The report owes is genesis to the need, articulated at the national
level, for a documentation of the main issues in urban poverty.
It was felt that this documentation should be grounded in the
current situation and be able to convey the extent and enormity
of the challenges that confront urban India.
It is an outcome of the realization that India has not paid
sufficient attention to the growing vulnerabilities of the urban
poor, and is therefore not adequately prepared for the number
of poor people who are likely to crowd the towns and cities
of the country. The report draws attention to two important
aspects that are of immediate concern to policymakers, the government,
donor agencies, and development practitioners. The first aspect
relates to a clear trend, especially apparent in the last two
decades, of urban workers being increasingly pushed into the
informal sector, even as the space for informal economic activities
in the towns and cities is gradually shrinking.
the informal sector, the profile of the work in urban areas
has also moved from casual employment to self employment. The
urban poor, therefore, is increasingly a street vendor, a rickshaw
puller, a rag picker, a cleaner, a washer, a watchman, a load
carrier, a domestic maid/ worker, a plumber, an electrician,
or a worker in a small unorganized industry, hotel, restaurant,
or on a construction site. Termed as ‘blue collar workers’,
their workspaces are often ‘public spaces’ like footpaths, streets,
vacant plots, and parks.
The Growth and Development Plans of National Capital Region
of Delhi: An Interview with the Member Secretary, NCRPB
National Capital Region consisting of NCT of Delhi and part
of Haryana, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh with five countermagnet
areas was constituted under statutory parliamentary enactment
NCRPB Act in 1985. a) Do you agree with the concept of development
of a city in its regional context and relevance in the present
Yes, I agree with the concept of development of a city in its
regional context. Indian cities are experiencing phenomenal
growth in employment generating economic activities leading
to massive rural to urban migration; this is leading to overcrowding
and congestion in the cities which in turn is causing severe
strain on basic urban services of the cities.
this trend is not arrested, cities will become unlivable and
unsustainable. Development of a city in its regional context
offers a solution of the problem. If an entire region is developed,
advantage of the increased economic opportunities can be taken
by people even without crowding the city. Strategy to divert
migrant population to Counter Magnet Areas can be adopted and
the region as a whole can be developed to disperse and de-concentrate
the economic activities. This strategy has paid rich dividends
in development of India’s National Capital Region.
What are the complexities and challenges being faced in regional
development in a cohesive way? Regional development
is a comcomplex process; 73rd Amendment of the Indian constitution
provides for District Plans and 74th Amendment prescribes Municipal
Plan; Mechanism to integrate both these plans in a cohesive
way seems to be lacking. There is a vast rural-urban divide
in India which can be managed only through planning in a regional
context. The process gets further complicated if the region
is governed by more than one provincial government and a number
of agencies have to work together to develop the region as is
the case in NCR. Scale and dimension of development of basic
infrastructure in the whole region poses a great challenge.
Having said that, it is achievable objective and it has very
desirable outcomes. Therefore in spite of complexities and challenges
it is worth doing.
c) How different are the challenges in developing NCR
than any other Regions existing elsewhere in the World?
Challenges to development of NCR are enormous. Size of the NCR
which is 33000 square kilometers makes it the biggest Capital
Region in the world. The region spreads to 4 provinces namely
NCT Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Rajasthan which are governed
by elected governments. The priorities of the provinces depend
on party in power and pose complex coordination issues. In addition,
a number of Central Ministries are involved in development of
NCR region. It further complicates coordination issues. The
NCR is a dynamic urbanrural region with more than 100 urban
settlements and 7750 rural settlements. It is endowed with ecologically
sensitive natural features like ridge, wetland, and sanctuaries
etc which call for environmentally sustainable development.
In addition, huge funds are needed for over all development
of all sectors in the region. Thus NCR development is unique
and complex in many ways.
NCR Planning Board has been created and has been given the mandate
of systematic development of NCR. The Board has notified the
Regional Plan-2021 for NCR in its process of balanced & planned
development of the Region. a) How different is the present Plan
in comparison to earlier Regional Plan-2001 for NCR?
Regional Plan-2001 was notified in 1989 and RP-2021 has been
notified in 2005. Both the Plans were prepared under Section
7(a) of the NCR Planning Board Act, 1985. Both are perspective
Regional Plans and seek to evolve harmonized policies for the
control of land uses and development of infrastructure in the
NCR. The Regional Plan-2001 envisaged restricting the growth
of Delhi by dispersing activities in NCR, allowing only a moderate
growth of Delhi Metropolitan Area towns which surround Delhi
and inducing the development of the rest of the Region by accelerating
the growth of Priority Towns in the Sub-regions of Haryana,
Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. However, RP-2021 was prepared incorporating
lessons learned during implementation of RP-2001.
Board used the latest techniques of remote sensing and geographical
information system in the preparation of the Plan. The Plan
was prepared after in-depth study by the expert Study Groups
constituted on various aspects and discussions held in Seminar,
Working Groups and meetings of the Planning Committee & the
Board. Regional Plan-2021 proposed ‘to harness the spread of
the developmental impulse and agglomeration economies generated
by Delhi for harmonized, balanced and environmentally sustainable
spatio-economic development of the NCR with effective cooperation
of the participating States’. To enable the planned and regulated
development along the highways, a new policy zone coined as
‘Highway Corridor Zone’ (HCZ) is introduced in the new Plan.
The concern and care has also been taken to have flexibility
in the Regional Plan -2021 with proper forwardbackward linkages.
b) What are the salient features and new features in the new
plan i.e., Regional Plan- 202l for NCR? The Regional Plan-2021
for NCR provides a model for sustainable development of urban
and rural settlements in the NCR. The vision of the Plan is
to develop the entire NCR as a region of global excellence.
The Plan aims to promote economic growth and balanced development
of the Region and seeks to attain these through (a) providing
suitable economic base for future growth by identification and
development of regional settlements capable of absorbing the
economic development impulse of Delhi; (b) providing efficient
and economic rail and road based transportation networks (including
mass transport systems) well integrated with the land use patterns
to support balanced regional development in such identified
(c) minimizing the adverse environmental impact that may occur
in the process of development of the NCR; (d) developing selected
urban settlements with urban infrastructure facilities such
as transport, power, communication, drinking water, sewerage
and drainage comparable with Delhi; (e) providing a rational
land use pattern; and (f) promoting sustainable development
in the region for improving the quality of life. One of the
major new features in the new Plan is the approach in planning
and development of the Region; the plan provides for flexibility
with a provision of forward- backward linkages & vice-versa.
Simultaneously, efforts have also been made to identify large
projects and estimates have been made for the fund requirement
too. In addition to this, detail elaborations are done on the
phasing of the implementation of major policies for various
aspects/sectors dovetailing them with the five-year national
have also been made to identifying the agency (ies)/organizations
(s)/department (s) responsible for implementing these policies
at centre and state levels. c) How does Board propose to curb
down the influx of migrants in NCR? In order to restrict migration
in NCR, the new plan targeted to improve inter & intra connectivity
and develop facilities if not better at least to the par of
NCT-Delhi. This includes not only the basic civic infrastructure
but also aspects such as health, education, social security
and safety. In addition, it is also proposed to have unrestricted
and seamless movement of traffic within NCR as well as development
of new nodes along the intersection of key transport corridors/
The Plan, also proposes to assess and analyze migration pattern
in depth and accordingly review the countermagnet areas and
its policy to act as interceptors to the migrants bound towards
the core of the NCR. In this regard, Board has recently conducted
a Study on ‘countermagnet areas to Delhi and NCR’ and recommendations
of the study report are under examination and consideration
for appropriate induction and further actions. 3. The first
Regional Plan-200l for NCR was notified on 23rd January 1989.
Although it is difficult to visualize & assess the success or
otherwise of the regional plan in such a short time frame of
20 years since its notification, still will you kindly respond
to the following questions.
What are the major successes and achievements in implementing
the policies and proposals of Regional Plan-200l for NCR? A
perspective Plan provides a guide to future development of a
region. Therefore, to assess the success of RP-2001, one has
to consider what would have happened had the plan not been there.
The Plan has provided vision to the development of this region
which is visible in reduction in decadal growth rate of population
during the Plan period. To
mention a few more, a number of National Highways and also outer
and inner grid roads have been upgraded and Eastern and Western
Peripheral Expressways are under construction. Mass Commuter
System in the form of Delhi Metro Rail has been constructed
& is in operation. The region has developed outside NCTD during
the period and has accommodated a large population which otherwise
would have crowded Delhi to its limits. In addition, NCRPB has
financed a number of infrastructure projects in the region to
promote its Plan objectives.
(b) What are the lessons learned from the old Plan?
There are a number of lessons. Regional Plan as such needs integration
of rural and urban development efforts in the region, which
is a complex process. The problem gets further complicated if
more than one states govern parts of the region as is the case
in the NCR. The Board’s task gets constrained in many ways because
the land and urban development issues are entirely in the State
Hence, success of the Plan lies in ruling State Government’s
willingness to take up development activities on priorities
for their concerned part in the Region. This is one of the major
hindrances in development of this Region. It is also being realized
that planning is a continuous and dynamic process which transforms
and gets affected by policy decisions at various levels. Hence,
the Plan should be flexible and is required to be reviewed periodically.
In present scenarios, a well defined mechanism to implement
and operationalise the plan needs to be developed. In addition,
phasing and the accountability at each stage are also crucial
and all stakeholders have to play their positive roles in a
It is considered that for development of any area/region, basic
infrastructure plays a crucial role. We also presume that NCR
Planning Board has given due consideration while preparing and
notifying Regional Plans for NCR.
What is the emphasis given in the new plan and initiative in
developing the basic civic infrastructure in the Region?
Regional Plan 2021 lays emphasis on transport, drinking water
supply, sanitation, solid waste management and all other physical
& social infrastructure in the Region and specific policies
are laid down for development of these facilities to attain
overall development within NCR. Thrust areas of the Plan include
sustainable Land Uses at the Regional level, Development of
Metro and Regional Centres as powerful growth nodes to attract
major activities, Providing regional transport linkages and
Mass Commuter System, Construction of peripheral expressways
and orbital rail corridor around Delhi, and Development of core
urban infrastructure (transport, power, water supply, sewerage,
drainage etc.) in NCR towns.
also provides to facilitate development of the region’s economy
through Model Industrial Estates, Special Economic Zones etc.
outside NCT-Delhi and to develop critical Project Plans which
are integral elements of the development vision. Regional Plan-2021
for NCR proposes a mechanism of Special Component Plan for NCR
to be established as a part of fiveyear plans prepared by the
Planning Commission for national level. The requisite funds
should be allocated by the Planning Commission as a Sub-component
of the Plan in respect of the concerned Central Ministries as
well as participating States of the NCR.
Other resources for implementation are grants from the Ministry
of Urban Development, Market borrowings, investment from the
private sectors, multilateral funding agencies like WB and ADB
etc. In addition to this, Board also assists the constituent
States by providing financial assistance in the form of soft
loan up to 75% of the total estimated cost specifically to projects
related to infrastructure development in the town/sub-region/rural
How does Board propose to improve the power scenario in the
Region? Regional Plan-2021 projected total install
capacity required for the Region as 34,444 MW by the year 2020-2021.
CEA projections in 2007 estimated required installed capacity
of nearly 36000 MW by the year 2021. Current estimates put this
figure to nearly 49000 MW. Over the period, the Region experienced
a phenomenal growth and rapid industrialization. However, the
present status of power supply in NCR did not keep pace with
the demand. Detailed policies and proposals along with phasing
dovetailed with national level five-year plans are stipulated
in the Plan.
States have to tie up the generation of power for their respective
State either through construction of new power generating station
in public or private sector or may have Power Purchase Agreement
with Private Companies. Upgradation of Transmission & Distribution
has to be accelerated with adequate budgetary support or under
the APDRP scheme of Ministry of Power. The Plan also provides
policies for promotion of non-conventional energy resources,
modern techniques for load management and reduction of AT&C
losses. The Board is also preparing a Functional Plan on Power
for the NCR.
What about interventions made in improving social infrastructure
such as health, education, law & order within the Region?
Regional Plan-2021 for NCR also addresses to social infrastructure
requirements of the Region. Policies along with norms and standards
are laid down in the Plan for development of housing, education,
health, law & order, etc. The Plan promotes culture-based health
facilities system like Ayurvedic, Unani, Homeopathy, Naturopathy,
Yoga and Meditation to be strengthened and augmented to provide
low cost and locally accessible health care. The Plan recognizes
the role of distance education & learning as one of the modes
of spreading education. Regarding law & order, the Plan proposes
to set up a central coordinating agency/ institutional mechanism,
with similar police/ administrative system including uniform
laws wherever required to control and monitor criminal activities
on regular basis in the region.
NCR encompasses a huge area which also requires a better linkages
and connectivity inter & intra region.
How does NCR Planning Board aim at providing efficient, effective,
robust and affordable Public transport system? The
NCR Planning Board has instituted a study with a view to formulate
an ‘Integrated Multi Model Transport System’ in the NCR. This
study will identify transportation projects and would recommend
institutional arrangements for ensuring an efficient transport
system, which will be under the reach of common people. Besides
the NCR Planning Board is financing transport related projects
from various constituent States and intends to further speed
up the creation of transport infrastructure in the Region.
What recent efforts have been made by the Board in implementing
the policies and proposals for NCR of the Regional Plan- 2021?
The Board has negotiated a common agreement for seamless
movement of vehicles in the NCR Region. An agreement in respect
of contract carriages has already been signed by the States
and steps are being taken to implement it. In addition, another
agreement in respect of stage and good carriage is being negotiated
by the NCRPB with the constituent States and is likely to be
finalized soon. The Board is also facilitating the study on
transport to make it more meaningful in the context of NCR.
Will you kindly describe Common Transport Reciprocal Agreement
regarding seamless and unrestricted movement of interstate and
intra-city traffic movement. What are the major highlights of
this agreement and its benefits for public at large?
The Common Transport Reciprocal Agreement on contract carriages
is meant for ensuring seamless and unrestricted movement of
auto rickshaws, taxis and contract buses in the NCR.
These carriages will have a common colour code which has already
been finalised and agreed by the constituent States. The agreement
has been published in the official gazette of the States. The
vehicles under this agreement will be in a position to move
within the NCR without any obstruction or restriction on the
borders of the constituent States and the public will find a
seamless transport system within the entire NCR Region.
Both NCR Planning Board and Regional Plan-2021 for NCR aspire
for harmonized and sustainable development of the Region.
What measures have been taken to ensure and improve the environment
quality and increasing the green areas in the Region?
The new Plan proposes to follow the carrying capacity of the
Region based on Minimum National Standards. There is a need
to reduce unnecessary conversion of good agriculture land to
urban uses. Similarly, to protect various environmentally sensitive
areas, natural features and natural resources land suitability
analysis is embedded within the planning process.
Plan has identified and laid emphasis on the protection and
conservation of various areas/zones falling in the categories
namely, forests; monuments; heritage/ cultural sites; scenic
areas; national parks; sanctuaries; areas with endangered species-
flora and fauna; biosphere reserves; wetlands; water bodies;
springs/water recharge areas and other environmental resource
areas. Special stress is given on protection, prohibition of
specific activities and revival of Ridge areas falling within
the Region through a detailed conservation plan as the area
is deteriorating gradually.
new Plan also proposes that all wastelands identified in the
existing Land Use 1999 and proposed Land Use Plan 2021, ROW
of irrigation canals, drains, roads, railway lines and village
common lands should be brought under forest cover. The total
forest cover proposed to be 10% of the total area of the region.
Similarly, at least, 2-5% area should be earmarked under water
bodies both natural as well as constructive in the distribution
of land uses. Separate ‘natural conservation zone’ with no construction
exceeding 0.5% of the area with the permission of the competent
authority are also proposed.
Plan prescribes that Pollution Control Boards of respective
States to monitor parameters such as air, water & land pollution
on a in greater detail the areas under different categories
that need to be conserved. In addition, the policies and proposals
of the Regional Plan are to be implemented by the Constituent
State Governments and concerned Central Ministries. Hence, the
constituent States prepare Sub-Regional Plans for their respective
sub-regions within the policy framework of the Regional Plan.
At the local level, the State Governments prepare Master/Development
Plans for the towns and other local area/zonal plans within
the framework of the Regional Plan and Sub-Regional Plans.
Board also prepares Functional Plans relating to sector such
as transportation, power and water and have been playing an
important and critical role in providing regional framework
to sectoral development. In absence of lower hierarchy plans,
enforcement of controls on the ground will become impossible.
Regional Plan-2021 for NCR proposes to develop infrastructure
facilities at par with the facilities available in NCT-Delhi.
To develop such a huge area and to accommodate large population
requires huge funds and investment.
Will you kindly indicate the level of investment and funding
required to develop such infrastructure in Region and the possibility
for mobilizing resources. Regional Plan-2021 estimated
tentative investment required of nearly Rs. 3,72,342 crores
for developing important infrastructure like power, transport,
water supply, sewerage, solid waste management and drainage.
If demands grow faster than estimated, this amount will go up.
A solution, to a considerable extent, lies in augmentation of
resources through budgetary support, multi-lateral agencies
like WB and ADB etc.
well as through public private partnership. Creation of special
component for NCR by dovetailing it with the Five Year Plan
approved by the Planning Commission may be helpful in higher
allocation for development of the Region. A pro-active approach
is needed to identify and implement the projects under public
Illustrate efforts made by the Board in financing for developing
and upgrading the infrastructure in the Region and its Counter
-magnet areas. NCRPB has sanctioned 214 projects in
drinking water, transport, power, sewerage, land development
etc. However, for development of infrastructure in the Region
and its CMAs, NCRPB has plans to finance urban development infrastructure
projects worth Rs. 15,000 crores in the current Five Year Plan.
fund requirement will be met by Government grant, the existing
resources of the NCR Planning Board, by raising loans from multilateral
funding agencies like Asian Development Bank and World Bank
and also from the market by floating bonds. A total of nearly
Rs. 11,000 crores of funds raising will be needed to achieve
this target of Rs. 15,000 crores project financing.
Any scope and past success of Public- Private Partnership for
the development of the Region. The responsibility to
fund the required infrastructure projects in the region lies
on the constituent State Governments, Central Ministries, and
on the Planning Board to the extent possible. There being limitations
to government funding, private funding is the only viable alternative.
Particularly in sector like power and transport, a lot can be
achieved through Public Private Partnership. Fund
raising through tax-free municipal bonds, FDI and using land
as resource may have to be explored to finance the infrastructure
projects of the region.
What are the aspects which need to be implemented for the balanced,
planned and harmonious development of the Region on priority?
A balanced, planned and harmonious development of NCR region
is a mammoth task and needs multi pronged approach. On one hand
migration to Delhi has to be made less attractive by developing
the NCR region outside NCTD and by developing CMAs by creating
economic opportunities and providing civic amenities comparable
to NCTD. The concerned states and Central Ministries may have
to work under a coordinated Action Plan an outline of which
has been given in RP 2021.
It is possible only if a suitable coordination bodies (like
an Integrated Multi-modal Transport Authority for transport)
under the Federal structure is established between the states
to monitor development work in NCR on day to day basis. In addition,
the funds required for the work are provided on priority to
step up pace of development of core infrastructure in the region.
A requirement of Rs. 3,72,342 crore is projected in Regional
Plan-2021 for development of infrastructure in NCR.
Resources have to be raised by the concerned states under PPP,
through multilateral agencies like WB and ADB and various government
schemes in addition to establishing a Special Component Plan
mechanism for NCR. In addition, Master Plan for land uses and
sectoral plans for water, drainage, sewerage, transport and
solid waste management etc have to be prepared on an urgent
basis to avoid any unplanned development of the region.
National Seminar on
“Developing Harmonious & Sustainable Cities
in India for a Better Urban Future”
Association of Municipalities and Development Authorities (AMDA)
is organizing a two-day National Seminar on “Developing
Harmonious & Sustainable Cities in India for a Better Urban
Future” in Partnership with United Nations Human Settlements
Programme on 21-21 March, 2009 at India Habitat Centre, New
Delhi. The objectives of the Seminar are:
• To highlight the importance of sustainable urban development
so as to make our cities more harmonious.
• Present the best and leading urban practices, share experiences
and take forward various urban initiatives by the central, state
and local governments.
• Cover important topics like urban reforms, pro-poor infrastructure
investments, inclusive urban planning, integrated management
of urban infrastructure including water and waste water, slum
rehabilitation and affordable housing, safety and security of
our cities and adaptation to climate change. The Sessions of
the Seminar are:
Technical Session-I: Promoting Social Equity
and Inclusiveness in Indian Cities.
Technical Session-II: Making Indian Cities Economically
Productive and More Equitable. Technical Session-III:
Harmonising the Built and Natural Environment of Indian Cities.
Technical Session-IV: Preserving the Historical
Roots and Soul of the Indian Cities.
Technical Session-V: Developing Indian Cities for all
For Registration and more details
about the Seminar, please write to Dr. Kulwant Singh,
AMDA, New Delhi
Telephone : +91-11-26497973/26494486/ 26496487/26496837(D)
E -mail : firstname.lastname@example.org